Disability-related social services
Disability-related social services are provided by the Estonian Social Insurance Board.
To apply for disability-related social services, you must provide information about your condition. You can fill in some of the forms via the citizen portal eesti.ee or get assistance and guidance from the service offices of the Social Insurance Board in person.
On the state level, the insurance board provides assistance with:
– rehabilitation services to ensure independent living and employment,
– the provision of prosthetic, orthopaedic or other assistive devices,
– ensuring welfare services for adults that require assistance due to mental problems,
– substitute care or guardianship for children,
– home child care.
Most of the additional social services are provided by local governments. These services include:
– counselling on social rights,
– meeting points for the elderly,
– home care,
– nursing assistance,
– social housing for people who are unable to obtain it themselves.
And many others.
On the state level, family and child allowances are provided by the Estonian Social Insurance Board and by local governments (mostly support for education, extracurricular activities and school transport).
The statewide services include both the child allowance and the childbirth allowance. It also includes Estonia’s unique parental benefit system, which allows 435 paid days off work to care for a newborn child.
The social care system in Estonia is largely contribution-based. It offers several benefits if you have worked and paid contributions in Estonia. These benefits include the unemployment benefit and various related allowances which you can receive after having registered with the Unemployment Insurance Fund.
Subsistence level benefits
The subsistence level benefits are paid by the local municipality or city government. They are paid to people with insufficient income and who are living below the subsistence level.