The Estonian Personal Identification Code
The Estonian identification (ID) code is a unique 11-digit code that will remain the same your entire lifetime. It is a number formed on the basis of the sex and date of birth of a person which allows the specific identification of the person. Everyone working and/or living in Estonia has the right to a personal identification code.
How to get your personal ID code?
+ Citizens of the European Union, European Economic Area or Switzerland: When registering your residence in Estonia, the local government office shall provide you with a personal identification code (ID code), as this is needed for submitting your information to the Population Register. If you are working in Estonia less than 5 days, there is no need for an ID code and you can register using your date of birth.
+ Non-EU citizens: In general, you obtain the code when you receive your temporary residence permit at the Police and Border Guard Board (you don´t need to have a personal ID code for signing a job contract).
- But if you come to Estonia with a D-visa you would need to apply for the code within five days of starting work. The identification code can then be obtained from any closest local government office and you must go there in person. You would need the following documents:
- Your personal ID (e.g. passport),
- A good quality photocopy of the ID,
- A filled application form.
Tallinn local government office is located at Pärnu mnt 67, Tallinn.
Other local government offices are listed on eesti.ee. It is also possible to apply for an identification code from an Estonian representation abroad.
Read more on the website of the Estonian Ministry of the Interior.
Estonian identification code via e-recidency
The Estonian personal identification number is also granted to a person who has been issued the e-residency digi-ID. An e-resident is a foreigner for whom Estonia has created a digital identity and issued a digital identity card – an e-resident digi-ID, on the basis of the identification credentials of their own country of citizenship.
The e-resident digi-ID enables you to participate in public and private administration of Estonia, notwithstanding your actual physical residence.
Please note that:
– the e-resident digi-ID will not grant you the right to reside in Estonia;
– the e-residency is not related to tax-residency of a person.
For more information, see the website of the Police and Border Guard Board.