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Population

Space to roam and enough people to talk to

Estonia is one of the smallest countries in Europe both by its size and population. Out of its 1.31 million people, 68% live in cities and towns. That means you’ll have plenty of space to roam outside the capital. The capital holds roughly one-third of the population (over 430,000 people), just enough to have friends close-by and still have enough privacy.

Ethnic diversity and language

Estonia has a large percentage of foreign-born residents. Whereas Estonians make up roughly two-thirds (68.7%) of the population, there’s also a significant minority of Russians (24.8%) and other smaller communities in the country (Ukrainians, Belarusians, Finns). In recent years, professionals from the UK, the US, Italy, France, Spain, Ireland and Sweden have also settled in here.

Estonian is the official language of the country, spoken by two-thirds of the population as a mother tongue. The language belongs to a small Finno-Ugric language group, which also includes Finnish and Hungarian. The Estonian language uses the Latin alphabet, plus several additional characters such as the Germanic ä, ö, ü and the very unique õ.

Most Estonians can speak more than one language. English is widely spoken, especially among younger people. According to the English Proficiency Index, Estonia ranks seventh in the world by the average level of English skills among adults.

Russian is also a widely spoken as roughly one-third of the population speaks it as their first language